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Schottky Diode Definition, Construction, Working, advantages, Disadvantages, Applications


The Schottky diode is a metal-semiconductor intersection which does not store charge transporters at the intersection since it has no exhaustion layer. It discovers its application where quick exchanging is required. 

Construction of Schottky Diode

It is framed of metal and semiconductor. The metal, for example, gold, silver, molybdenum, tungsten or platinum is utilized. Furthermore, the N-type semiconductor is utilized. For the most part, Gallium is utilized as a semiconductor for the Schottky diode. Despite the fact that Silicon can be utilized for low frequencies activity. 

Distinctive materials utilized in development results in various attributes of coming about Schottky diode.

Working of Schottky Diode

Metals have electrons as a larger part transporter, an N-type semiconductor likewise has electrons as lion's share charge bearer. Consequently, when a metal-semiconductor intersection is fair, at that point current doesn't stream in a diode. 

This is on account of electrons in N-type locale don't have the adequate vitality to travel from N-type intersection to metal. In any case, when the intersection is forward one-sided then electrons procure vitality to cross the obstruction.

Advantages of Schottky diode

  • It has high exchanging speed. 
  • Because of high exchanging speed, its switch recuperation time is less when contrasted with other bipolar diodes. 
  • The estimation of forwarding voltage on account of this diode is likewise negligible nearly other bipolar diodes.

Low turn-on voltage: 

The turn-on voltage for the diode is somewhere in the range of 0.2 and 0.3 volts for a silicon diode against 0.6 to 0.7 volts for a standard silicon diode. This influences it to have particularly indistinguishable divert on the voltage from a germanium diode. 

Quick recuperation time: 

The quick recuperation time in view of the little measure of putting away charge implies that it tends to be utilized for fast exchanging applications. 

Low intersection capacitance:

 In the perspective of the plain little dynamic territory, frequently because of utilizing a wire point contact onto the silicon, the capacitance levels are little. 

The benefits of the Schottky diode, imply that its execution can far surpass that of different diodes in numerous zones.

RF blender and indicator diode: 

The Schottky diode has made its mark for radio recurrence applications due to its high exchanging pace and high recurrence capacity. In perspective of this Schottky hindrance, diodes are utilized in numerous elite diode ring blenders. Notwithstanding this their low turn-on voltage and high recurrence ability and low capacitance make them perfect as RF indicators. 

Power rectifier: 

Schottky obstruction diodes are likewise utilized in high power applications, as rectifiers. Their high current thickness and low forward voltage drop imply that less power is squandered than if normal PN intersection diodes were utilized. This expansion in effectiveness implies that less warmth must be scattered, and littler warmth sinks might have the capacity to be consolidated in the plan. 

Power OR circuits: 

Schottky diodes can be utilized in applications where a heap is driven by two separate power supplies. One precedent might be a mains control supply and a battery supply. In these cases, it is important that the power from one supply does not enter the other. This can be accomplished utilizing diodes. Anyway, it is essential that any voltage drop over the diodes is limited to guarantee most extreme productivity. As in numerous different applications, this diode is perfect for this in perspective of its low forward voltage drop. 

Schottky diodes have a tendency to have a high turn around spillage current. This can prompt issues with any detecting circuits that might be being used. Spillage ways into high impedance circuits can offer ascent to false readings. This must along these lines be suited in the circuit outline. 

Sun based cell applications: 

Solar cells are ordinarily associated with battery-powered batteries, regularly lead corrosive batteries since power might be required 24 hours every day and the Sun isn't constantly accessible. Sun oriented cells don't care for the inverted charge connected and in this way a diode is required in arrangement with the sun-powered cells. Any voltage drop will result in a decrease in productivity and hence a low voltage drop diode is required. As in different applications, the low voltage drop of the Schottky diode is especially helpful, and thus they are the favored type of diode in this application. 

Clip diode - particularly with its utilization in LS TTL: 

Schottky boundary diodes may likewise be utilized as a brace diode in a transistor circuit to speed the task when utilized as a switch. They were utilized in this job in the 74LS (low power Schottky) and 74S (Schottky) groups of rationale circuits. In these chips, the diodes are embedded between the gatherer and base of the driver transistor to go about as a clip. To deliver a low or rationale "0" yield the transistor is driven hard on, and in this circumstance, the base authority intersection in the diode is forward one-sided. At the point when the Schottky diode is available, this takes a large portion of the current and permits the kill time of the transistor to be extraordinarily lessened, consequently enhancing the speed of the circuit.

Disadvantages of Schottky Diode

  • It has a critical estimation of spillage current. 
  • The switch breakdown voltage of these diodes is little. Hence, even a little measure of switch voltage can harm it. 

Applications of Schottky Diode

    It is utilized as Schottky TTL in computerized gadgets as these gadgets require quick exchanging.
    A Schottky diode is the most noteworthy segment for computerized PCs, as the execution of advanced PCs is controlled by exchanging velocity of diodes.
    These are the favorable circumstances, weaknesses, and utilization of the Schottky diode. Because of its quick exchanging it is utilized in TTL circuits.


    The Schottky hindrance diodes are generally utilized in the hardware business finding numerous utilizations as a diode rectifier. Its interesting properties empower it to be utilized in various applications where different diodes would not have the capacity to give a similar level of execution. Specifically, it is utilized in regions including: